Mortality of rapid response team patients in Australia: a multicentre study

Daryl Andrew Jones, Kelly Drennan, Michael John Bailey, Graeme K Hart, Rinaldo Bellomo, Steven Webb, Sally Zalstein, Kathleen Collins, Penny Stewart, Wendy Corkill, Antoine Schneider, Paolo Calzavacca, Andrew Thomas, Dianne Hill, Sofia Jasiowski, David Green, Peter Stow, Jason Fletcher, Julie Smith, Drew WenckCatherine Pearce, Melissa Lintott, Katrina Ellem, Amanda Rischbieth, Katherine Davidson, Imogen Mitchell, Nicole Slater, David Elliott, Jenny Dennett, Tim Coles, Bradley Ceely, Stephen Jacobs, Yvonne Kearley, Kate Shepherd, Bridget Anne O'Bree, Nerina Harley, Megan Robertson, Lenise Banner, Kristy Green, Andrew D Bersten, Elisha Matheson, Merle Carter, Andrew Holt, Francis Breheny, John Albury, Robert H Cameron, Lynn Morcom, Julie Mathewson, Mathew Piercy, Jay Halkhoree, James Fratzia, Bev Ewens, Brad Power, Di Goldie, Craig McCalman, Sharon Micallef, Nicholas Mifflin, Michael Parr, Josette Wood, Peter Thomas, Sam Clausen, Stuart Lane, Janet Scott, Trudy Segger, Alan Rouse, Leeona Smith, Hamish Pollock, Jayne Williams, Warwick W Butt, Carmel Delzoppo, Sophie Sydall, Peter Morley, Jennifer Bell, Mary Pinder, Anne Brinkworth, Brigit L Roberts, Barry Flynn, Kim Lawrence, David Morgan, John Santamaria, Geoff Gordan, Katharine Hutchinson, Brett Johnson, Marcia Beard, Jenny Broadbent, Katrina Welbing, Michael Yung, Neil Matthews

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52 Citations (Scopus)


Most studies of the rapid response team (RRT) investigate the effect of introducing an RRT on outcomes of all hospitalised patients. Less information exists on RRT patient epidemiology, or changes in RRT call numbers with time. Objectives: To estimate the inhospital mortality of patients subject to RRT review, the proportion of inhospital deaths reviewed by the RRT, and changes in annual RRT call numbers with time. Method: Retrospective observational study in adult RRT-equipped Australian hospitals for up to 10 years (2000-2009). Participants and outcome measures: Thirty-four per cent (35/102) of the Australian adult RRT-equipped hospitals provided annual hospital admissions and deaths, intensive care unit admissions and RRT calls. They also provided the number of patients reviewed by the RRT and the number of inhospital deaths in such patients. Results: Over the study period, there were 4.91 million hospital admissions, 196 488 ICU admissions and 99 377 RRT calls. Most data arose from Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia, and from public tertiary hospitals. Among the 27 hospitals contributing at least 4 years of data, annual RRT calls per 1000 admissions was higher in the last year compared with the first year of data submission in 23 hospitals (range of increase, 11.9 -777.4 ; median, 90 ; interquartile range, 40 -180 ). In the remaining four hospitals, annual RRT calls per 1000 admissions were lower in the last year compared with the first year (range of decrease, - 5.5 to - 29.8 ). Among the 70 924 RRT patients for whom the outcome was known, there were 17 260 deaths (24.3 ). We calculate that the RRT reviewed 17 260 of 79 476 patients (21.7 ) who died in hospital over the study period. In the 2008-09 financial year, there were 18 800 RRT calls for at least 14 743 patients. Conclusions: Annual RRT calls are increasing in many Australian hospitals, and now affect more than 14 700 patients annually. Inhospital mortality of RRT patients is a
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273 - 278
Number of pages6
JournalCritical Care and Resuscitation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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