Monoamine oxidase A is down-regulated in EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Hui Min Lee, Alice Pei Eal Sia, Lili Li, Hans Prakash Sathasivam, Melissa Sue Ann Chan, Pathmanathan Rajadurai, Chi Man Tsang, Sai Wah Tsao, Paul G. Murray, Qian Tao, Ian C. Paterson, Lee Fah Yap

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a highly metastatic cancer that is consistently associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. In this study, we identify for the first time a role for monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) in NPC. MAOA is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes oxidative deamination of neurotransmitters and dietary amines. Depending on the cancer type, MAOA can either have a tumour-promoting or tumour-suppressive role. We show that MAOA is down-regulated in primary NPC tissues and its down-regulation enhances the migration of NPC cells. In addition, we found that EBV infection can down-regulate MAOA expression in both pre-malignant and malignant nasopharyngeal epithelial (NPE) cells. We further demonstrate that MAOA is down-regulated as a result of IL-6/IL-6R/STAT3 signalling and epigenetic mechanisms, effects that might be attributed to EBV infection in NPE cells. Taken together, our data point to a central role for EBV in mediating the tumour suppressive effects of MAOA and that loss of MAOA could be an important step in the pathogenesis of NPC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6115
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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