IL-4 is known to induce recruitment of eosinophils and mononuclear leukocytes. In vitro this occurs in part by selective expression of VCAM-1, the ligand for the α4 integrin. The objective of this study was to determine the molecular mechanisms that underlie IL-4-induced leukocyte recruitment in vivo. Mice received an intrascrotal injection of IL-4 (100 ng). Twenty-four hours later, leukocyte rolling, adhesion, and emigration in cremasteric postcapillary venules were examined via intravital microscopy, and expression of VCAM-1 and P- and E-selectin was quantitated using a radiolabeled mAb technique. IL-4 increased VCAM-1 expression, but P-selectin and E-selectin remained at constitutive levels. IL-4 induced significant increases in leukocyte adhesion and emigration, with 50% of the emigrated cells being eosinophils and the remainder being mononuclear leukocytes. Leukocyte rolling in IL-4-treated mice was >95% inhibitable using an anti-P- selectin Ab. However, IL-4-induced leukocyte recruitment was unaltered in mice treated chronically with P-selectin Ab or mice deficient in either P- selectin or P- and E-selectin, suggesting that the residual rolling supported all of the IL-4-induced recruitment. In IL-4-treated mice following P- selectin blockade, tethering and rolling were not dependent on L-selectin, but were abolished by α4 integrin blockade. These findings show that the α4 integrin can initiate leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in the absence of selectins under shear conditions in vivo, and that the absence of selectins does not affect recruitment of eosinophils and mononuclear cells to IL-4-treated tissue.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 1999|