Molecular insights into cancer drug resistance from a proteomics perspective

Yao An, Li Zhou, Zhao Huang, Edouard C. Nice, Haiyuan Zhang, Canhua Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Resistance to chemotherapy and development of specific and effective molecular targeted therapies are major obstacles facing current cancer treatment. Comparative proteomic approaches have been employed for the discovery of putative biomarkers associated with cancer drug resistance and have yielded a number of candidate proteins, showing great promise for both novel drug target identification and personalized medicine for the treatment of drug-resistant cancer. Areas covered: Herein, we review the recent advances and challenges in proteomics studies on cancer drug resistance with an emphasis on biomarker discovery, as well as understanding the interconnectivity of proteins in disease-related signaling pathways. In addition, we highlight the critical role that post-translational modifications (PTMs) play in the mechanisms of cancer drug resistance. Expert opinion: Revealing changes in proteome profiles and the role of PTMs in drug-resistant cancer is key to deciphering the mechanisms of treatment resistance. With the development of sensitive and specific mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics and related technologies, it is now possible to investigate in depth potential biomarkers and the molecular mechanisms of cancer drug resistance, assisting the development of individualized therapeutic strategies for cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-429
Number of pages17
JournalExpert Review of Proteomics
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • biomarker discovery
  • Cancer drug resistance
  • comparative proteomics
  • CyTOF
  • mass spectrometry
  • personalized medicine
  • PTMs

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