Molecular detection of class 1 integron-associated gene cassettes in KPC-2-producing klebsiella pneumoniae clones by whole-genome sequencing

Bruna Fuga, Sabrina Royer, Paola Amaral De Campos, Melina Lorraine Ferreira, Iara Rossi, Luiz Gustavo Machado, Louise Teixeira Cerdeira, Deivid William Da Fonseca Batistão, Cristiane Silveira De Brito, Nilton Lincopan, Paulo Pinto Gontijo-Filho, Rosineide Marques Ribas

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6 Citations (Scopus)


The dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes and the bacterium that harbor them have increasingly become a public concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The present study used whole-genome sequencing to analyze 10 KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates obtained from clinical specimens originated from Brazilian hospitals. The study documents a relevant "snapshot" of the presence of class 1 integrons in 90% of the strains presenting different gene cassettes (dfrA30, dfrA15, dfrA12, dfrA14, aadA1, aadA2, and aac(6′)Iq), associated or not with transposons. Two strains presented nonclassical integron (lacking the normal 3′conserved segment). In general, most strains showed a complex resistome, characterizing them as highly resistant. Integrons, a genetically stable and efficient system, confer to bacteria as highly adaptive and low cost evolution potential to bacteria, even more serious when associated with high-risk clones, indicating an urgent need for control and prevention strategies to avoid the spread of resistance determinants in Brazil. Despite this, although the class 1 integron identified in the KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae clones is important, our findings suggest that other elements probably have a greater impact on the spread of antimicrobial resistance, since many of these important genes were not related to this cassette.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1131
Number of pages5
JournalMicrobial Drug Resistance
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • class 1 integron
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • microbial drug resistance

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