Molecular cloning and analysis of the N5 neuraminidase subtype from an avian influenza virus

V. R. Harley, C. W. Ward, P. J. Hudson

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The neuraminidase (NA) gene from the prototype N5 influenza virus, A/Shearwater/Australia/72, has been cloned and completely sequenced. An open reading frame of 1404 by (468 amino acid ) is flanked by 20-bp 5′- and 31-bp 3′-untranslated regions. The deduced amino acid sequence of the N5 gene was compared with sequences from N2, N1, N7, N8, and N9 subtypes. One hundred thirteen amino acid residues (24%) are completely conserved across subtypes and include active site residues, cysteines, potential glycosylation sites, and certain glycines which suggests that these subtypes share a common ancestor and adopt the same 3-D conformation. Three groups can be assigned from amino acid homologies: (i) N5, N8, N1; (ii) N7, N9; and (iii) N2 where the percentage identity within groups is 55-68% and between groups is 40-46%, the N5-N8 pair bearing the closest identity (68%). Phylogenetic analysis suggests that these groups diverged concurrently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-243
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1989
Externally publishedYes

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