Modifiable parental factors in adolescent sleep: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Sarah P.H. Khor, Anne McClure, Grace Aldridge, Bei Bei, Marie B.H. Yap

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Sleep problems are prevalent during adolescence, but parents may be able to support adolescents to sleep better. A systematic search of records from six databases from inception up to November 2019, identified 103 peer-reviewed publications that examined behaviourally and cognitively modifiable parental factors associated with sleep in adolescents aged 12–18 years. Although included studies were largely cross-sectional and heterogeneous, with heavy reliance on self-reported measures, associations with sound, convergent levels of evidence were found for: 1) parental rule-setting for bedtimes and parent sleep behaviours with longer sleep duration in adolescents; 2) healthy parent sleep and family functioning with better adolescent sleep quality; and 3) parental warmth with better adolescent daytime functioning. Effect sizes were in the small to moderate range. The identified parental factors are recommended targets for inclusion in parenting programs to support adolescent sleep, however, would require validation in intervention studies. Opportunities for research are outlined for the identified parental factors, sleep domains with limited evidence, and better understanding the mechanisms or possible moderators in the associations between parental factors and sleep outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101408
Number of pages12
JournalSleep Medicine Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Adolescent
  • Chronotype
  • Parental factors
  • Parenting practices
  • Sleep duration
  • Sleep quality
  • Sleep timing
  • Sleep variability

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