Modelling the causes and consequences of perceptions of personal safety on public transport ridership

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Fears about personal safety on public transport can have an important impact on ridership. A range of studies have examined different factors that influence perceptions of crime risk. This study uses structural equation modelling to explore the influences on perceptions of safety on public transport and the impact these perceptions have on ridership using a survey sample from Melbourne, Australia. The largest direct influences on feelings of safety on public transport were trust in others and feeling safe in one's home or on the street at night. Gender and age are commonly-cited influences in the literature but in this model their influence on feelings of safety was indirect. The total indirect effect of age was larger than the indirect effect of gender. Feelings of safety had a small but significant positive influence on how frequently people used public transport. This was slightly smaller than the negative effect of cars in the household but larger than the negative effect of distance from the city centre.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2011 Proceedings
EditorsDr Peter Tisato, Dr Frank Primerano, Dr Nicholas Holyoak, Mr Lindsay Oxlad
Place of PublicationAdelaide SA
PublisherAustralasian Transport Research Forum
Pages1 - 11
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9780759001695
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2011 - Hilton Hotel Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 28 Sept 201130 Sept 2011
Conference number: 34th (Proceedings)


ConferenceAustralasian Transport Research Forum 2011
Abbreviated titleATRF 2011
OtherInformation that appears as the header for all articles from this conference

Australasian Transport Research Forum 2011 Proceedings
28 - 30 September 2011, Adelaide, Australia
Publication website:
Internet address


  • Personal safety
  • Public transport
  • Structural equation modelling

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