Modelling of multiphase flow in a blast furnace: Recent developments and future work

Xuefeng Dong, Aibing Yu, Jun Ichiro Yagi, Paul Zulli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


An ironmaking blast furnace is a complex multiphase flow reactor involving gas, powder, liquid and solid phases. Understanding the flow behaviour of these phases is of paramount importance to the control and optimization of the process. Mathematical modelling, often coupled with physical modelling, plays an important role in this development. Yagi1) gave a comprehensive review of the early studies in this area in 1993. Significant progress has since been made, partially driven by the needs in research but mainly as a result of the rapid development of computer and computational technologies. This paper reviews these developments, covering the formulation, validation and application of mathematical models for gas-solid, gas-liquid, gas-powder and multiphase flows. The need for further developments is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1553-1570
Number of pages18
JournalISIJ International
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Blast furnace
  • Discrete element method
  • Ironmaking
  • Multiphase flow
  • Two fluid model

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