Modelling ironmaking blast furnace: Solid flow and thermochemical behaviours

Yansong Shen, Aibing Yu, Baoyu Guo, Sheng Jason Chew, Peter Richard Austin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


Ironmaking blast furnace is a counter-, co-, cross-current moving bed reactor, where solid particles are charged at the furnace top forming a downward moving bed while gas are introduced at the lower part of furnace and travels upward through the solid bed of varying porosity, reducing solid ore to liquid iron at the cohesive zone. These three phases interact intensely. In this paper, a three-dimensional mathematical model is developed. The model describes the motion of solid and gas, based on continuum approach, and implements the so-called force balance model for the liquid flow. The model is applied to a blast furnace, where raceway cavity is considered explicitly. The results demonstrate and characterize the key multiphase flow patterns of solid-gas-liquid at different regions inside the blast furnace, in particular solid flow and associated thermochemical behaviours of solid particles. This model offers a costeffective tool to understand and optimize blast furnace operation
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Conference on Micromechanics of Granular Media: Powders and Grains 2013
EditorsAibing Yu, Kejun Dong, Runyu Yang, Stefan Luding
Place of PublicationMelville NY USA
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
Pages1274 - 1277
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780735411661
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventPowders and Grains 2013 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 8 Jul 201312 Jul 2013
Conference number: 7th


ConferencePowders and Grains 2013
Internet address

Cite this