Mobility, accessibility and activity participation: a comparative assessment of methods to identify rural transport disadvantage: World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR)

Md Kamruzzaman, Julian Hine

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Abstract

Traditionally, transport disadvantage has been identified using accessibility analysis although the effectiveness of the accessibility planning approach to improving access to goods and services is not known. This paper undertakes a comparative assessment of measures of mobility, accessibility, and participation used to identify transport disadvantage using the concept of activity spaces. A 7 day activity-travel diary data for 89 individuals was collected from two case study areas located in rural Northern Ireland. A spatial analysis was conducted to select the case study areas using criteria derived from the literature. The criteria are related to the levels of area accessibility and area mobility which are known to influence the nature of transport disadvantage. Using the activity-travel diary data individuals weekly as well as day to day variations in activity-travel patterns were visualised. A model was developed using the ArcGIS ModelBuilder tool and was run to derive scores related to individual levels of mobility, accessibility, and participation in activities from the geovisualisation. Using these scores a multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify patterns of transport disadvantage. This study found a positive association between mobility and accessibility, between mobility and participation, and between accessibility and participation in activities. However, area accessibility and area mobility were found to have little impact on individual mobility, accessibility, and participation in activities. Income vis-àvis ´ car-ownership was found to have a significant impact on individual levels of mobility, and accessibility; whereas participation in activities were found to be a function of individual levels of income and their occupational status.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Conference on Transport Research (WCTR 2010)
Place of PublicationLisbon, Portugal
PublisherWorld Conference on Transport Research Society (WCTR)
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventWorld Conference on Transport Research 2010 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 11 Jul 201015 Jul 2010
Conference number: 12th

Conference

ConferenceWorld Conference on Transport Research 2010
Abbreviated titleWCTR 2010
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period11/07/1015/07/10

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