Mitigation of H 2O 2 -induced mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in NG108-15 cells by novel mesuagenin C from Mesua kunstleri (King) kosterm

Gomathi Chan, Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Daniel Zin Hua Wong, Nor Hadiani Ismail, Faizuri Abdul Latif, Aurengzeb Hasan, Khalijah Awang, Habsah Abdul Kadir

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Abstract

This study was aimed to isolate and evaluate neuroprotective compounds from the hexane extract of the bark of Mesua kunstleri (Clusiaceae) on H 2O 2-induced apoptosis in NG108-15 cells. Five 4-phenylcoumarins were isolated by using various chromatographic techniques via neuroprotective activity-guided fractionation and isolation from the active hexane extract. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were confirmed by NMR spectroscopic data interpretation and comparison with literature values. Cell viability data demonstrated that mesuagenin C 3 significantly increased cell viability. Hoechst 33342/PI staining illustrated mesuagenin C 3 was able to abate the nuclear shrinkage, chromatin condensation and formation of apoptotic bodies. Pretreatment with mesuagenin C 3 reduced total annexin V positive cells and increased the level of intracellular glutathione (GSH). Mesuagenin C 3 attenuated membrane potential (ΔΨm), reduced Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and inactivated of caspase-3/7 and -9. These results indicated that mesuagenin C 3 could protect NG108-15 cells against H 2O 2-induced apoptosis by increasing intracellular GSH level, aggrandizing ΔΨm, and modulating apoptotic signalling pathway through Bcl-2 family and caspase-3/7 and -9. These findings confirmed the involvement of intrinsic apoptotic pathway in H 2O 2-induced apoptosis and suggested that mesuagenin C 3 may have potential therapeutic properties for neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number156521
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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