Mindfulness changes construal level: an experimental investigation

Eugene Y. Chan, Yitong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Mindfulness involves paying attention to the present moment and accepting any thoughts or feelings that might arise without judgment. Mindfulness can influence a number of outcomes. Currently, we are interested if it influences people's level of mental construal. Two central dimensions of mindfulness (focusing on the present, and Openness to Experience) can lead to diverging predictions. While focusing on the present may produce a concrete construal level, openness to experience may facilitate an abstract construal level instead. We conducted 2 experiments to test the effect of a brief mindfulness induction on construal level. Mindfulness prompted participants to think more abstractly (Experiment 1), which was mediated by Openness to Experience (Experiment 2). Thus, mindfulness may prompt how people process information more broadly. We situate our research in the broader literature on mindfulness and reconcile our findings with previous work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1656-1664
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • mindfulness
  • construal level theory
  • abstraction
  • Openness to Experience

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