Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for recurrent depression: A translational research study with 2-year follow-up

Graham Nicholas Meadows, Frances Shawyer, Joanne Enticott, Annette Louise Graham, Fiona Judd, Paul Russell Martin, Leon Piterman, Zindel V Segal

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45 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: While mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has demonstrated efficacy in reducing depressive relapse/recurrence over 12-18 months, questions remain around effectiveness, longer-term outcomes, and suitability in combination with medication. The aim of this study was to investigate within a pragmatic study design the effectiveness of MBCT on depressive relapse/recurrence over 2 years of follow-up. METHOD: This was a prospective, multi-site, single-blind trial based in Melbourne and the regional city of Geelong, Australia. Non-depressed adults with a history of three or more episodes of depression were randomised to MBCT + depression relapse active monitoring (DRAM) (n=101) or control (DRAM alone) (n=102). Randomisation was stratified by medication (prescribed antidepressants and/or mood stabilisers: yes/no), site of usual care (primary or specialist), diagnosis (bipolar disorder: yes/no) and sex. Relapse/recurrence of major depression was assessed over 2 years using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1. RESULTS: The average number of days with major depression was 65 for MBCT participants and 112 for controls, significant with repeated-measures ANOVA (F(1, 164)=4.56, p=0.03). Proportionally fewer MBCT participants relapsed in both year 1 and year 2 compared to controls (odds ratio 0.45, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743 - 755
Number of pages13
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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