Mimicking a dog's nose: scrolling graphene nanosheets

Zhuo Chen, Jinrong Wang, Douxing Pan, Yao Wang, Richard Noetzel, Hao Li, Peng Xie, Wenle Pei, Ahmad Umar, Lei Jiang, Nan Li, Nicolaas Frans De Rooij, Guofu Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inspired by the densely covered capillary structure inside a dog's nose, we report an artificial nanostructure, i.e., poly(sodium p-styrenesulfonate)-functionalized reduced graphene oxide nanoscrolls (PGNS), with high structural perfection and efficient gas sensing applications. A facile supramolecular assembly is introduced to functionalize graphene with the functional polymer, combined with the lyophilization technique to massively transform the planar graphene-based nanosheets to nanoscrolls. Detailed characterizations reveal that the bioinspired nanoscrolls exhibit a wide-open tubular morphology with uniform dimensions that is structurally distinct from the previously reported ones. The detailed morphologies of the graphene-based nanosheets in each scrolling stage during lyophilization are monitored by cryo-SEM. This unravels an asymmetric polymer-induced graphene scrolling mechanism including the corresponding scrolling process, which is directly presented by molecular dynamics simulations. The fabricated PGNS sensors exhibit superior gas sensing performance with reliable repeatability, excellent linear sensibility, and, especially, an ultrahigh response (Ra/Rg = 5.39, 10 ppm) toward NO2. The supramolecular assembly combined with the lyophilization technique to fabricate PGNS provides a strategy to design biomimetic materials for gas sensors and chemical trace detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2521-2530
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cryo-SEM
  • gas sensors
  • Graphene nanoscrolls
  • lyophilization
  • supramolecular assembly

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