Milling of rice grains: effects of starch/flour structures on gelatinization and pasting properties

Jovin Hasjim, Enpeng Li, Sushil Dhital

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Starch gelatinization and flour pasting properties were determined and correlated with four different levels of starch structures in rice flour, i.e. flour particle size, degree of damaged starch granules, whole molecular size, and molecular branching structure. Onset starch-gelatinization temperatures were not significantly different among all flour samples, but peak and conclusion starch-gelatinization temperatures were significantly different and were strongly correlated with the flour particle size, indicating that rice flour with larger particle size has a greater barrier for heat transfer. There were slight differences in the enthalpy of starch gelatinization, which are likely associated with the disruption of crystalline structure in starch granules by the milling processes. Flours with volume-median diameter ≥56 μm did not show a defined peak viscosity in the RVA viscogram, possibly due to the presence of native protein and/or cell-wall structure stabilizing the swollen starch granules against the rupture caused by shear during heating. Furthermore, RVA final viscosity of flour was strongly correlated with the degree of damage to starch granules, suggesting the contribution of granular structure, possibly in swollen form. The results from this study allow the improvement in the manufacture and the selection criteria of rice flour with desirable gelatinization and pasting properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-690
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gelatinization properties
  • Granule damage
  • Molecular size distribution
  • Pasting properties
  • Rice
  • Starch structure

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