Midlatitude fronts and variability in the Southern Hemisphere tropical width

Irina Rudeva, Ian Simmonds, David Crock, Ghyslaine Boschat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between midlatitude synoptic activity and variations in the width of the tropics in the Southern Hemisphere for the period 1979–2016. The edge of the tropical belt is defined here in terms of the latitude of the subtropical ridge (STR) of sea level pressure, and eddy activity in the midlatitudes is characterized by the behavior of atmospheric fronts. It is shown that the location and intensity of the STR are significantly correlated with the number of cold fronts between 208 and 408S and that these relationships exhibit seasonal and zonal asymmetry. The link between the STR and the number of fronts is analyzed in five sectors of the Southern Hemisphere to reveal regional differences in their behavior and relationship with the southern annular mode. Some earlier studies on the widening of the tropics suggest that such changes may be caused by a shift in the location of midlatitude eddies. Our analysis explores the connection between these on a synoptic time scale. It shows that the variability of the width of the tropics is indeed strongly influenced by changes in the midlatitude synoptic activity, and that changes in synoptic activity lead those in the edge of the tropical belt by approximately one day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8243-8260
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Climate
Volume32
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Sub-tropical ridge
  • atmospheric fronts
  • tropical width
  • Hadley circulation
  • Southern Annular Mode
  • climate variability
  • Southern Hemisphere climate
  • synotic activity

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