Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Cobalt-Based Selenides as Catalyst Precursors for the Alkaline Water Oxidation

Eleanora Charnetskaya, Tam D. Nguyen, Khang N. Dinh, Darcy Simondson, Sam Johnston, Carlos Felipe Garibello, Dijon A. Hoogeveen, Bernt Johannessen, Douglas R. MacFarlane, Rosalie K. Hocking, Manjunath Chatti, Alexandr N. Simonov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


When used to promote the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), transition-metal chalcogenides convert into oxyhydroxide/(hydr)oxide catalysts, the performance of which depends on the properties of the precursor. The present study aims to explore these effects for cobalt and cobalt–iron selenides (CoSen and Co1Fe1Sen) prepared using a simple microwave-assisted method, in comparison to a reference material synthesized by high-temperature reaction of CoOxHy with Se vapors. Physical characterization of the microwave-synthesized CoSen demonstrates their sheet-like morphology and identifies Co3Se4 as the major phase, which is essentially completely transformed into CoOOH during the OER. The temperature during the microwave-assisted CoSen synthesis affects the crystallinity, the electrochemically active surface area, and thereby the performance of the resulting catalysts. Further improvements in the activity are achieved by combining cobalt with iron into a bimetallic Co1Fe1Sen precursor, which transforms in situ into a CoOOH + FeOOH composite and sustains the OER rate of 100 mA cm−2 (33 A g−1) at an overpotential of ≈ 0.31 and 0.26 V at 24 ± 2 and 80 ± 1 °C, respectively. Satisfactory stability of the Co1Fe1Sen-derived electrodes is demonstrated through a 4-day-long test at 80 ± 1 °C and 100 mA cm−2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300108
Number of pages11
JournalAdvanced Energy and Sustainability Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • in situ
  • oxygen evolution reaction
  • selenide
  • X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Cite this