MicroRNAs involved in regulating spontaneous recovery in embolic stroke model

Fu Jia Liu, Kai Ying Lim, Prameet Kaur, Sugunavathi Sepramaniam, Arunmozhiarasi Armugam, Peter Tsun Hon Wong, Kandiah Jeyaseelan

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To date, miRNA expression studies on cerebral ischemia in both human and animal models have focused mainly on acute phase of ischemic stroke. In this study, we present the roles played by microRNAs in the spontaneous recovery phases in cerebral ischemia using rodent stroke models. Brain tissues were harvested at different reperfusion time points ranging from 0-168 hrs after middle cerebral artery occlusion using homologous emboli. MiRNA and mRNA expression profiles were investigated by microarray followed by multiple statistical analysis. Candidate transcripts were also validated by quantitative RT-PCR. Three specific groups of miRNAs were observed among a total of 346 differentially expressed miRNAs. miRNAs, miR-21, -142-3p, -142-5p, and -146a displayed significant upregulation during stroke recovery (48 hrs to 168 hrs) compared with those during acute phases (0 hrs to 24 hrs). On the other hand, an opposite trend was observed in the expression of miR-196a/b/c, -224 and -324-3p. Interestingly, miR-206, -290, -291a-5p and -30c-1*, positively correlated with the infarct sizes, with an initial increase up to 24hrs followed by a gradual decrease from 48 hrs to 168 hrs (R = 0.95). Taken together with the expression levels of corresponding mRNA targets, we have also found that Hedgehog, Notch, Wnt and TGF-beta signaling pathways could play significant roles in stroke recovery and especially in neuronal repair.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere66393
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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