Microparticle-mediated gene delivery for the enhanced expression of a 19-kDa fragment of merozoite surface protein 1 of Plasmodium falciparum

Shan Liu, Michael Kobina Danquah, Gareth Forde, Charles Wai Chung Ma, Lina Wang, Ross Leon Coppel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 19 kDa carboxyl-terminal fragment of merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1(19)) is a major component of the invasion-inhibitory response in individual immunity to malaria. A novel ultrasonic atomization approach for the formulation of biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles of malaria DNA vaccines encoding MSP1(19) is presented here. After condensing the plasmid DNA (pDNA) molecules with a cationic polymer polyethylenimine (PEI), a 40 kHz ultrasonic atomization frequency was used to formulate PLGA microparticles at a flow rate of 18 mL h(-1). High levels of gene expression and moderate cytotoxicity in COS-7 cells were achieved with the condensed pDNA at a nitrogen to phosphate (N/P) ratio of 20, thus demonstrating enhanced cellular uptake and expression of the transgene. The ability of the microparticles to convey pDNA was examined by characterizing the formulated microparticles. The microparticles displayed Z-average hydrodynamic diameters of 1.50-2.10 mum and zeta potentials of 17.8-23.2 mV. The encapsulation efficiencies were between 78 and 83 , and 76 and 85 of the embedded malaria pDNA molecules were released under physiological conditions in vitro. These results indicate that PLGA-mediated microparticles can be employed as potential gene delivery systems to antigen-presenting cells in the prevention of malaria.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257 - 262
Number of pages6
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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