Microbial Bioformulation Technology for Applications in Bioremediation

Jia May Chin, Adeline Su Yien Ting

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


Microbial bioformulation technology is an environmentally friendly approach involving the preparation of biologically active microorganisms within a carrier matrix. Bioformulation technology has been used extensively in agriculture, to bioformulate beneficial microorganisms (i.e. plant growth promoters, soil fertility enhancers and biocontrol agents) to prolong their shelf-life, enhance survival and protect the microorganisms against limiting soil conditions. In this chapter, the application of bioformulation for bioremediation is presented. A suitable bioformulation is expected to allow successful microbial delivery, and these beneficial microorganisms could degrade, detoxify or immobilize the pollutant. A good choice of carrier material will stabilize the bioformulation, prolong the shelf-life of microbial inoculants and protect them from other extrinsic factors, especially during storage and transportation. This chapter, therefore, highlights the different bioformulation technologies, including solid- and liquid-based bioformulation, and the use of different carrier materials, focusing mainly on the characteristics of carriers, effectiveness, the shelf-life of bioformulation, and their advantages and disadvantages. The application of the bioformulated microbial agents for soil and water bioremediation will also be discussed. Lastly, this chapter will also summarize their current status in the market, the challenges in bioformulation development, the prospects and the opportunity for new bioformulation technology to be explored.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Management Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Opportunities
EditorsPankaj Chowdhary, Vineet Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Vishvas Hare
Place of PublicationBoca Raton, FL, United States
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781003239956
ISBN (Print)9781032145617, 9781032358598
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • microbial formulation
  • bioremediation
  • environmental biotechnology

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