Methods used to capture subjective user experiences in adults while riding bicycles: a scoping review

Anjani Kalra, Tommy Lim, Lauren Pearson, Ben Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


People who ride bicycles often feel unsafe and/or uncomfortable riding in various road conditions. Therefore, understanding the perceptions or experiences of bicyclists in real-world riding conditions is critical to inform interventions that enhance the experience of bike riding and therefore increase participation. A scoping review was undertaken to investigate methods used for capturing subjective experiences in the process of bicycling, or immediately post-ride. Six electronic databases and reference lists of the included studies were searched from inception to May 2021. Of the 11,904 non-duplicate articles, 53 full-text articles were included in the review. The review identified the following methods used to capture the subjective experiences: (i) on-ride method (n = 7), (ii) immediately post-ride method (n = 13), (iii) on-ride plus post-ride methods (n = 8), (iv) ride-along method (n = 4), (v) ride-along plus post-ride methods (n = 6), and (vi) intercept survey methods (n = 15). Some studies exclusively used naturalistic methods for capturing subjective experiences. There is a need to advance methods and standardise approaches to capture subjective user experiences. This is needed to ensure that we are able to understand the experiences and needs of people who ride bikes to inform the provision of safe and connected infrastructure for all ages and abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-477
Number of pages25
JournalTransport Reviews
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • bicycling
  • methods
  • perceived comfort
  • Perceived safety
  • scoping review

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