Methods of the 2020 (Wave 1) International Tobacco Control (ITC) Malaysia survey

Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin, Ahmad Syamil Mohamad, Anne C.K. Quah, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Anne Yee, Nur Amani Ahmad Tajuddin, Siti Idayu Hasan, Mahmoud Danaee, Susan C. Kaai, Matthew Grey, Pete Driezen, Geoffrey T. Fong, Mary E. Thompson

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The ITC Malaysia Project is part of the 31-country ITC Project, of which the central objective is to evaluate the impact of tobacco control policies of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This article describes the methods used in the 2020 International Tobacco Control (ITC) Malaysia (MYS1) Survey. Adult smokers and non-smokers aged ≥18 years in Malaysia were recruited by a commercial survey firm from its online panel. Survey weights, accounting for smoking status, sex, age, education, and region of residence, were calibrated to the Malaysian 2019 National Health and Morbidity Survey. The survey questions were identical or functionally similar to those used in other ITC countries. Questions included demographic measures, patterns of use, quit history, intentions to quit, risk perceptions, beliefs and attitudes about cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and heated tobacco products. Questions also assessed measures assessing the impact of tobacco demand-reduction domains of the FCTC: price/tax (Article 6), smoke-free laws (Article 8), health warnings (Article 11), education, communication and public awareness (Article 12), advertising, promotion, and sponsorship restrictions (Article 13), and support for cessation (Article 14). The total sample size was 1253 (1047 cigarette smokers and 206 non-smokers). Response rate was 11.3%, but importantly, the cooperation rate was 95.3%. The 2020 ITC MYS1 Survey findings will provide evidence on current tobacco control policies and evidence needed by Malaysian government regulatory agencies to develop new or strengthen existing tobacco control efforts that could help achieve Malaysia’s endgame, i.e. a tobacco-free nation by 2040.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
Number of pages10
JournalTobacco Induced Diseases
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • cooperation rate
  • response rate
  • sampling design
  • survey measures
  • tobacco control policy

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