Method for efficient refolding and purification of chemoreceptor ligand binding domain

Mayra A. Machuca, Anna Roujeinikova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Identification of natural ligands of chemoreceptors and structural studies aimed at elucidation of the molecular basis of the ligand specificity can be greatly facilitated by the production of milligram amounts of pure, folded ligand binding domains. Attempts to heterologously express periplasmic ligand binding domains of bacterial chemoreceptors in Escherichia coli (E. coli) often result in their targeting into inclusion bodies. Here, a method is presented for protein recovery from inclusion bodies, its refolding and purification, using the periplasmic dCACHE ligand binding domain of Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) chemoreceptor Tlp3 as an example. The approach involves expression of the protein of interest with a cleavable His6-tag, isolation and urea-mediated solubilisation of inclusion bodies, protein refolding by urea depletion, and purification by means of affinity chromatography, followed by tag removal and size-exclusion chromatography. The circular dichroism spectroscopy is used to confirm the folded state of the pure protein. It has been demonstrated that this protocol is generally useful for production of milligram amounts of dCACHE periplasmic ligand binding domains of other bacterial chemoreceptors in a soluble and crystallisable form.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere57092
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number130
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2017


  • Biochemistry
  • Chemoreceptor
  • Chemotaxis
  • dCACHE
  • Issue 130
  • Ligand sensing domain
  • Refolding
  • Transducer-like protein

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