Metallic ferromagnetic films with magnetic damping under 1.4 × 10-3

Aidan J. Lee, Jack T. Brangham, Yang Cheng, Shane P. White, William T. Ruane, Bryan D. Esser, David W. McComb, P. Chris Hammel, Fengyuan Yang

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48 Citations (Scopus)


Low-damping magnetic materials have been widely used in microwave and spintronic applications because of their low energy loss and high sensitivity. While the Gilbert damping constant can reach 10-4 to 10-5 in some insulating ferromagnets, metallic ferromagnets generally have larger damping due to magnon scattering by conduction electrons. Meanwhile, low-damping metallic ferromagnets are desired for charge-based spintronic devices. Here, we report the growth of Co25Fe75 epitaxial films with excellent crystalline quality evident by the clear Laue oscillations and exceptionally narrow rocking curve in the X-ray diffraction scans as well as from scanning transmission electron microscopy. Remarkably, the Co25Fe75 epitaxial films exhibit a damping constant <1.4 × 10-3, which is comparable to the values for some high-quality Y3Fe5O12 films. This record low damping for metallic ferromagnets offers new opportunities for charge-based applications such as spin-transfer-torque-induced switching and magnetic oscillations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number234
Number of pages6
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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