Metabolomics analysis and antioxidant potential of endophytic Diaporthe fraxini ED2 grown in different culture media

Wen-Nee Tan, Kashvintha Nagarajan, Vuanghao Lim, Juzaili Azizi, Kooi-Yeong Khaw, Woei-Yenn Tong, Chean-Ring Leong, Nelson Jeng-Yeou Chear

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Endophytic fungi are a promising source of bioactive metabolites with a wide range of pharmacological activities. In the present study, MS-based metabolomics was conducted to study the metabolomes variations of endophytic Diaporthe fraxini ED2 grown in different culture media. Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, 2,2-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays were conducted to assess the antioxidant potential of the fungal extracts. Multivariate data analysis (MVDA) was employed in data analysis and interpretation to elucidate the complex metabolite profile. The supplemented culture medium of D. fraxini fungal extract stimulated the production of metabolites not occurring in the normal culture medium. Antioxidant activity studies revealed the potential of supplemented cultured fungal extract of D. fraxini as a source of antioxidants. The present findings highlight that fungal culture medium supplementation is an effective approach to unravelling the hidden metabolome in plant-associated fungal diversity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number519
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Fungi
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • antioxidant
  • Diaporthe fraxini
  • endophytic
  • metabolomics

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