Metabolic factors in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis - A review of clinical data

Sruti Pillai, Geoffrey Littlejohn

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35 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: We aimed to review the literature linking metabolic factors to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH), in order to assess associations between growth factors and DISH. Method: We identified studies in our personal database and PubMed using the following keywords in various combinations: “diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis”, “ankylosing hyperostosis”, “Forestier’s disease”, “diabetes”, “insulin”, “obesity”, “metabolic”, “growth factors”, “adipokines”, “glucose tolerance” and “chondrocytes”. Results: We were not able to do a systematic review due to variability in methodology of studies. We found positive associations between obesity (especially abdominal obesity), Type 2 diabetes mellitus, glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia and DISH. Conclusion: Current research indicates that certain metabolic factors associate with DISH. More precise studies deriving from these findings on these and other newly identified bone-growth factors are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-128
Number of pages13
JournalOpen Rheumatology Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Bone
  • Diabetes
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
  • DISH
  • Growth factors
  • Insulin
  • Metabolic
  • Obesity

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