Metabolic and functional connectivity provide unique and complementary insights into cognition-connectome relationships

Katharina Voigt, Emma X. Liang, Bratislav Misic, Phillip G.D. Ward, Gary F. Egan, Sharna D. Jamadar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A major challenge in current cognitive neuroscience is how functional brain connectivity gives rise to human cognition. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) describes brain connectivity based on cerebral oxygenation dynamics (hemodynamic connectivity), whereas [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose functional positron emission tomography (FDG-fPET) describes brain connectivity based on cerebral glucose uptake (metabolic connectivity), each providing a unique characterization of the human brain. How these 2 modalities differ in their contribution to cognition and behavior is unclear. We used simultaneous resting-state FDG-fPET/fMRI to investigate how hemodynamic connectivity and metabolic connectivity relate to cognitive function by applying partial least squares analyses. Results revealed that although for both modalities the frontoparietal anatomical subdivisions related the strongest to cognition, using hemodynamic measures this network expressed executive functioning, episodic memory, and depression, whereas for metabolic measures this network exclusively expressed executive functioning. These findings demonstrate the unique advantages that simultaneous FDG-PET/fMRI has to provide a comprehensive understanding of the neural mechanisms that underpin cognition and highlights the importance of multimodality imaging in cognitive neuroscience research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1476-1488
Number of pages13
JournalCerebral Cortex
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2023


  • cognition
  • functional connectivity
  • functional positron emission tomography
  • metabolic connectivity

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