Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in five cohorts reveals common variants in RBFOX1, a regulator of tissue-specific splicing, associated with refractive error

Dwight Stambolian, Robert Wojciechowski, Konrad Oexle, Mario Pirastu, Xiaohui Li, Leslie J. Raffe, Mary Frances Cotch, Emily Y. Chew, Barbara Klein, Ronald Klein, Tien Y. Wong, Claire L. Simpson, Caroline C.W. Klaver, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Virginie J.M. Verhoeven, Paul N. Baird, Veronique Vitart, Andrew D. Paterson, Paul Mitchell, Seang Mei SawMaurizio Fossarello, Krista Kazmierkiewicz, Federico Murgia, Laura Portas, Maria Schache, Andrea Richardson, Jing Xie, Jie Jin Wang, Elena Rochtchina, Ananth C. Viswanathan, Caroline Hayward, Alan F. Wright, Ozren Polašek, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan, Ben A. Oostra, André G. Uitterlinden, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, Najaf Amin, Lennart C. Karssen, Johannes R. Vingerling, S. M. Hosseini, Angela Döring, Thomas Bettecken, Zoran Vatavuk, Christian Gieger, H. Erich Wichmann, James F. Wilson, Brian Fleck, Paul J. Foster, Fotis Topouzis, Peter McGuffin, Xueling Sim, Michael Inouye, Elizabeth G. Holliday, John Attia, Rodney J. Scott, Jerome I. Rotter, Thomas Meitinger, Joan E. Bailey-Wilson

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52 Citations (Scopus)


Visual refractive errors (REs) are complex genetic traits with a largely unknown etiology. To date, genomewide association studies (GWASs) of moderate size have identified several novel risk markers for RE, measured here as mean spherical equivalent (MSE). We performed a GWAS using a total of 7280 samples from five cohorts: the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS); the KORA study ('Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg'); the Framingham Eye Study (FES); the Ogliastra Genetic Park-Talana (OGPTalana) Study and the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Genotyping was performed on Illumina and Affymetrix platforms with additional markers imputed to the HapMap II reference panel. We identified a new genome-wide significant locus on chromosome 16 (rs10500355, P = 3.9 × 10-9) in a combined discovery and replication set (26 953 samples). This single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is located within the RBFOX1 gene which is a neuron-specific splicing factor regulating a wide range of alternative splicing events implicated in neuronal development and maturation, including transcription factors, other splicing factors and synaptic proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2754-2764
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

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