MerTK activity is not necessary for the proliferation of glioblastoma stem cells

Monira Hoque, Siu Wai Wong, Ariadna Recasens, Ramzi Abbassi, Nghi Nguyen, Dehui Zhang, Michael A. Stashko, Xiaodong Wang, Stephen Frye, Bryan W. Day, Jonathan Baell, Lenka Munoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

MerTK has been identified as a promising target for therapeutic intervention in glioblastoma. Genetic studies documented a range of oncogenic processes that MerTK targeting could influence, however robust pharmacological validation has been missing. The aim of this study was to assess therapeutic potential of MerTK inhibitors in glioblastoma therapy. Unlike previous studies, our work provides several lines of evidence that MerTK activity is dispensable for glioblastoma growth. We observed heterogeneous responses to MerTK inhibitors that could not be correlated to MerTK inhibition or MerTK expression in cells. The more selective MerTK inhibitors UNC2250 and UNC2580A lack the anti-proliferative potency of less-selective inhibitors exemplified by UNC2025. Functional assays in MerTK-high and MerTK-deficient cells further demonstrate that the anti-cancer efficacy of UNC2025 is MerTK-independent. However, despite its efficacy in vitro, UNC2025 failed to attenuate glioblastoma growth in vivo. Gene expression analysis from cohorts of glioblastoma patients identified that MerTK expression correlates negatively with proliferation and positively with quiescence genes, suggesting that MerTK regulates dormancy rather than proliferation in glioblastoma. In summary, this study demonstrates the importance of orthogonal inhibitors and disease-relevant models in target validation studies and raises a possibility that MerTK inhibitors could be used to target dormant glioblastoma cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114437
Number of pages18
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume186
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Dormancy
  • Glioblastoma
  • MerTK
  • Target validation
  • UNC2025

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