Merging binary stars and the magnetic white dwarfs

Gordon P Briggs, Lilia Ferrario, Christopher A Tout, Dayal Wickramasinghe, Jarrod Robert Hurley

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A magnetic dynamo driven by differential rotation generated when stars merge can explain strong fields in certain classes of magnetic stars, including the high field magnetic white dwarfs (HFMWDs). In their case the site of the differential rotation has been variously proposed to be within a common envelope, the massive hot outer regions of a merged degenerate core or an accretion disc formed by a tidally disrupted companion that is subsequently incorporated into a degenerate core. We synthesize a population of binary systems to investigate the stellar merging hypothesis for observed single HFMWDs. Our calculations provide mass distribution and the fractions of white dwarfs that merge during a common envelope phase or as double degenerate systems in a post-common-envelope phase. We vary the common envelope efficiency parameter α and compare with observations. We find that this hypothesis can explain both the observed incidence of magnetism and the mass distribution of HFMWDs for a wide range of α. In this model, the majority of the HFMWDs are of the carbon–oxygen type and merge within a common envelope. Less than about a quarter of a per cent of HFMWDs originate from double degenerate stars that merge after common envelope evolution and these populate the high-mass tail of the HFMWD mass distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1713-1723
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume447
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • magnetic fields
  • binaries: general
  • stars: evolution
  • white dwarfs

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