Mechanisms of Cr(VI) removal from water by various types of activated carbons

C. Selomulya, V. Meeyoo, R. Amal

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The removal mechanisms of Cr(VI) from water using different types of activated carbons produced from coconut shell, wood and dust coal, were investigated in this project. Different types of activated carbons have different surface characteristics. The coconut shell and dust coal activated carbons have protonated hydroxyl groups on the surface (H-type carbons), while the surface of the wood-based activated carbon has ionised hydroxyl groups (L-type carbons). The adsorption kinetics of chromium onto the activated carbons at pH values ranging from 2 to 6 were investigated. It was found that the optimum pH to remove total chromium was 2 for wood-based activated carbon, while for coconut shell and dust coal activated carbons, the optimum pH was around 3-4. The difference in the optimum pH for different activated carbons to remove Cr(VI) from water can be explained by the different surface characteristics and capacity of the activated carbons to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-122
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1999


  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption
  • Chromium(III)
  • Chromium(VI)
  • Reduction
  • Surface properties

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