TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanics of supercooled liquids

AU - Li, Jianguo

AU - Liu, Qihan

AU - Brassart, Laurence Gerardine

AU - Suo, Zhigang

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Pure substances can often be cooled below their melting points and still remain in the liquid state. For some supercooled liquids, a further cooling slows down viscous flow greatly, but does not slow down self-diffusion as much. We formulate a continuum theory that regards viscous flow and self-diffusion as concurrent, but distinct, processes. We generalize Newton's law of viscosity to relate stress, rate of deformation, and chemical potential. The self-diffusion flux is taken to be proportional to the gradient of chemical potential. The relative rate of viscous flow and self-diffusion defines a length, which, for some supercooled liquids, is much larger than the molecular dimension. A thermodynamic consideration leads to boundary conditions for a surface of liquid under the influence of applied traction and surface energy. We apply the theory to a cavity in a supercooled liquid and identify a transition. A large cavity shrinks by viscous flow, and a small cavity shrinks by self-diffusion.

AB - Pure substances can often be cooled below their melting points and still remain in the liquid state. For some supercooled liquids, a further cooling slows down viscous flow greatly, but does not slow down self-diffusion as much. We formulate a continuum theory that regards viscous flow and self-diffusion as concurrent, but distinct, processes. We generalize Newton's law of viscosity to relate stress, rate of deformation, and chemical potential. The self-diffusion flux is taken to be proportional to the gradient of chemical potential. The relative rate of viscous flow and self-diffusion defines a length, which, for some supercooled liquids, is much larger than the molecular dimension. A thermodynamic consideration leads to boundary conditions for a surface of liquid under the influence of applied traction and surface energy. We apply the theory to a cavity in a supercooled liquid and identify a transition. A large cavity shrinks by viscous flow, and a small cavity shrinks by self-diffusion.

UR - http://appliedmechanics.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/data/Journals/JAMCAV/930885/jam_081_11_111007.pdf

U2 - 10.1115/1.4028587

DO - 10.1115/1.4028587

M3 - Article

SN - 0021-8936

VL - 81

JO - Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME

JF - Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME

IS - 11

M1 - 111007

ER -