Mechanical and circulating biomarkers in isolated clinic hypertension

Catherine Ann Martin, James D Cameron, Barry Patrick McGrath

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. This review examines the current evidence for altered mechanical and circulating biomarkers in isolated clinic hypertension and their potential significance. 2. Arterial stiffness, as assessed by central pulse wave velocity, is influenced by multiple cardiovascular risk factors; however, an independent association with isolated clinic hypertension (ICHT) has not been convincingly shown in four small studies. 3. Endothelial dysfunction, as assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation, circulating levels of endothelial markers (e.g. nitrite/nitrate, von Willebrand factor, endothelin-1) and/or circulating levels of inhibitors of vascular nitric oxide (plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine, homocysteine), has been shown to be present in established hypertension and to a variable and inconsistent extent in subjects with ICHT. 4. Evidence of increased oxidative stress in ICHT versus normotensive subjects was found in two of three studies. 5. Circulating inflammatory markers C-reactive protein and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 were significantly increased in two of three and two of two studies, respectively, in ICHT compared with normotensive subjects. 6. Urinary albumin excretion is a marker of both arterial and renal disease. The consensus from seven studies in patients with ICHT is that albuminuria is not an independent marker for ICHT. 7. Studies to date assessing biomarkers in ICHT have been small and cross-sectional. Larger, long-term longitudinal studies of arterial functional and circulating biomarkers are required to assess the potential vascular impact of ICHT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402 - 408
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume35
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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