Measuring intent in human-robot cooperative manipulation

Davide De Carli, Evan Hohert, Chris A.C. Parker, Susana Zoghbi, Simon Leonard, Elizabeth Croft, Antonio Bicchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To effectively interact with people in a physically assistive role, robots will need to be able to cooperatively manipulate objects with a human partner. For example, it can be very difficult for an individual to manipulate a long or heavy object. An assistant can help to share the load, and improve the maneuverability of the object. Each partner can communicate objectives (e.g., move around an obstacle or put the object down) via non-verbal cues (e.g., moving the end of the object in a particular direction, changing speed, or tugging). Herein, non-verbal communication in a human-robot coordinated manipulation task is addressed using a small articulated robot arm equipped with a 6-axis wrist mounted force/torque sensor and joint angle encoders. The robot controller uses a Jacobian Transpose velocity PD control scheme with gravity compensation. To aid collaborative manipulation we implement a uniform impedance controller at the robot end-effector with an attractive force to a virtual path in the style of a cobot. Unlike a cobot, this path is recomputed online as a function of user input. In our present research, we utilize force/torque sensor measurements to identify intentional user communications specifying a change in the task direction. We consider the impact of path recomputation and the resulting robot haptic feedback on user physiological response.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio Visual Environments and Games, HAVE 2009 - Proceedings
Pages159-163
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio Visual Environments and Games 2009 - Lecco, Italy
Duration: 7 Nov 20098 Nov 2009

Conference

Conference IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio Visual Environments and Games 2009
Abbreviated titleHAVE 2009
CountryItaly
CityLecco
Period7/11/098/11/09

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