Measuring effects of technology-enabled mirroring scaffolds on self-regulated learning

Nikola Milikic, Dragan Gašević, Jelena Jovanovic

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    Learning design in a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) intends to promote creativity, autonomy and social networked learning, amongst other things. Students in a MOOC are required to self-regulate their learning to properly self-monitor their learning process and effectiveness of the adopted learning strategies. This paper presents the results of a study among 279 students enrolled in a MOOC that was enriched with a set of scaffolding interventions for social mirroring. The mirroring interventions supported social awareness and social embeddedness of learners. Associations between the use of the interventions and micro-level self-regulated learning processes were measured and analyzed. The extent to which those associations are affected by learner demographics and motivational characteristics was also investigated. Findings show that interventions that provide students, throughout the course, with learning updates and progress of peers are associated with the students' engagement with learning tasks and applying changes in strategies for completing those tasks. Social awareness scaffold influenced more students low in need for cognition, with a higher education degree, high in performance-approach orientation and low in grit, to engage with their learning tasks, while its effect on the change in learning strategies was higher with those early and towards the end of their careers and high in performance-approach strategy. The social comparison scaffold affected more students low in mastery goal orientation and high in grit to work on their learning tasks.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)150-163
    Number of pages14
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2020


    • Correlation and Regression Analysis
    • Education
    • Learning Management Systems
    • Learning Technologies
    • Mirroring Scaffolds
    • Scaffolding
    • Social Technologies

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