Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale

Ursula Voss, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Jennifer Michelle Windt, Clemens Frenzel, Allan Hobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, we present results from an interdisciplinary research project aimed at assessing consciousness in dreams. For this purpose, we compared lucid dreams with normal non-lucid dreams from REM sleep. Both lucid and non-lucid dreams are an important contrast condition for theories of waking consciousness, giving valuable insights into the structure of conscious experience and its neural correlates during sleep. However, the precise differences between lucid and non-lucid dreams remain poorly understood. The construction of the Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams scale (LuCiD) was based on theoretical considerations and empirical observations. Exploratory factor analysis of the data from the first survey identified eight factors that were validated in a second survey using confirmatory factor analysis: INSIGHT, CONTROL, THOUGHT, REALISM, MEMORY, DISSOCIATION, NEGATIVE EMOTION, and POSITIVE EMOTION. While all factors are involved in dream consciousness, realism and negative emotion do not differentiate between lucid and non-lucid dreams, suggesting that lucid insight is separable from both bizarreness in dreams and a change in the subjectively experienced realism of the dream. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8 - 21
Number of pages14
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume22
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Voss, U., Schermelleh-Engel, K., Windt, J. M., Frenzel, C., & Hobson, A. (2013). Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(1), 8 - 21.
Voss, Ursula ; Schermelleh-Engel, Karin ; Windt, Jennifer Michelle ; Frenzel, Clemens ; Hobson, Allan. / Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale. In: Consciousness and Cognition. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 8 - 21.
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Voss, U, Schermelleh-Engel, K, Windt, JM, Frenzel, C & Hobson, A 2013, 'Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale', Consciousness and Cognition, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 8 - 21.

Measuring consciousness in dreams: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale. / Voss, Ursula; Schermelleh-Engel, Karin; Windt, Jennifer Michelle; Frenzel, Clemens; Hobson, Allan.

In: Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013, p. 8 - 21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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