Measurement of hard x-ray coherence in the presence of a rotating random-phase-screen diffuser

Kaye Susannah Morgan, Sally Irvine, Yoshio Suzuki, K Uesugi, Akihisa Takeuchi, David Paganin, Karen Kit Wan Siu

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    A suitably large coherence area is important in coherent X-ray optics, when using techniques such as interferometry or phase contrast imaging (PCI). The work done by Suzuki using a prism interferometer to measure X-ray coherence at 12.4 keV [1] is here extended to consider the use of a diffuser at the bio-medical imaging energy of 25 keV. In order to achieve a broader, more even X-ray field and eliminate speckle, a spinning piece of paper may be used as a rotating random-phase screen to diffuse the hard Xray beam, but this will concomitantly decrease the magnitude of the complex degree of second-order coherence. We also study the effect of source size and source-to-sample distance on coherence, where imaging area and required flux must be considered. Coherence measurements at the 20XU beamline at the SPring-8 synchrotron are compared to results from wave-optical computer modelling. These show that while the diffuser will decrease the magnitude of the complex degree of coherence, further free-space propagation will lessen this effect. In the design of an experiment, the collimating slit size and use of a diffuser must therefore be balanced with distance from the source, in order to maximise coherence while maintaining the desired field of view and exposure time. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)216 - 225
    Number of pages10
    JournalOptics Communications
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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