Measurement equivalence of the job descriptive index across Chinese and American workers: results from confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory

Mo Wang, Steven S. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Despite increased awareness of practical issues in multinational data collection, few studies have addressed the issue of measurement equivalence across Western and Eastern cultures, especially using measures of job attitudes. Therefore, the measurement equivalence of the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) was examined across 2,638 Chinese workers and 1,664 American workers. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and item response theory were used to ensure a comprehensive test of measurement equivalence at the facet level. A cross-sample validation procedure was also used with the CFA approach to increase the generalizability of the findings. The measurement equivalence of the JDI was established using both approaches. For human resource management practitioners, this study provides psychometric justification for direct comparisons of job satisfaction scores across Chinese and American employees of multinational companies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-732
Number of pages24
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Item response theory
  • Job descriptive index
  • Measurement equivalence

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