Mean consumption, poverty and inequality in rural India in the 60th round of the national sample survey

Raghbendra Jha, Raghav Gaiha, Anurag Sharma

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This article reports on mean consumption, poverty (all three FGT measures) and inequality during 2004 for rural India using National Sample Survey (NSS) data for the 60th Round. Mean consumption at the national level is much higher than the poverty line. However, the Gini coefficient is higher than in recent earlier rounds. The headcount ratio is 22.9 per cent. Mean consumption, all three measures of poverty and the Gini coefficient are computed at the level of 20 states and 63 agro-climatic zones in these 20 states. It is surmised that despite impressive growth rates deprivation is pervasive, pockets of severe poverty persist, and inequality is rampant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-503
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Asian and African Studies
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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