Matrix metalloproteinase-9 genotype influences large artery stiffness through effects on aortic gene and protein expression

Tanya L Medley, Timothy James Cole, Anthony M Dart, Christoph D Gatzka, Bronwyn A Kingwell

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OBJECTIVE: Because large artery stiffening contributes to myocardial ischemia, its determinants are of relevance as potential risk markers. This study examined whether matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 (gelatinase B) genotype is associated with large artery stiffening and aortic MMP-9 gene and protein expression. METHODS AND RESULTS: MMP-9 genotype (C-1562T promoter polymorphism) was determined in 84 patients (73 male) with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD). Carotid applanation tonometry was used to assess central blood pressures and, with Doppler velocimetry, to assess aortic stiffness (input and characteristic impedance). Gene expression real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and protein levels (Western blotting) were assessed in relation to genotype in aortic samples from a separate population. T-allele carriers (C/T and T/T) had stiffer large arteries (higher input and characteristic impedance) and higher carotid pulse and systolic blood pressure (all P2-fold higher in T-allele carriers. CONCLUSIONS: Because the T allele was associated with greater MMP-9 mRNA and protein levels, the greater large artery stiffness in T-allele carriers may be secondary to excessive degradation of the arterial elastic matrix. The consequent higher pulse pressure may increase susceptibility to myocardial ischemia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1479 - 1484
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

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