Matrix failure in composite laminates under compressive loading

Nayeem Tawqir Chowdhury, John Wang, Wing Kong Chiu, Wenyi Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The failure envelope of the matrix in composite laminates under compressive loads has not received much attention in literature. There are very little to no experimental results to show a suitable failure envelope for this constituent found in composites. With increasing popularity in the use of micromechanical analysis to predict progressive damage of composite structures which requires the use of individual failure criteria for the fibre and matrix, it is important that matrix behaviour under compression is modelled correctly. In this study, off-axis compression tests under uniaxial compression loading are used to promote matrix failure. Through the use of micromechanical analysis involving Representative Volume Elements, the authors were able to extract the principal stresses on the matrix at failure. The results indicated that hydrostatic stresses play an important role in the failure of the matrix. Thus, Drucker-Prager failure criterion is recommended when modelling compressive matrix failure in composite structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-113
Number of pages11
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume84
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • A. Resins
  • D. Mechanical testing
  • Microstructural analysis

Cite this

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abstract = "The failure envelope of the matrix in composite laminates under compressive loads has not received much attention in literature. There are very little to no experimental results to show a suitable failure envelope for this constituent found in composites. With increasing popularity in the use of micromechanical analysis to predict progressive damage of composite structures which requires the use of individual failure criteria for the fibre and matrix, it is important that matrix behaviour under compression is modelled correctly. In this study, off-axis compression tests under uniaxial compression loading are used to promote matrix failure. Through the use of micromechanical analysis involving Representative Volume Elements, the authors were able to extract the principal stresses on the matrix at failure. The results indicated that hydrostatic stresses play an important role in the failure of the matrix. Thus, Drucker-Prager failure criterion is recommended when modelling compressive matrix failure in composite structures.",
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Matrix failure in composite laminates under compressive loading. / Chowdhury, Nayeem Tawqir; Wang, John; Chiu, Wing Kong; Yan, Wenyi.

In: Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol. 84, 01.05.2016, p. 103-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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