Marginal zone B cells transport IgG3-immune complexes to splenic follicles

Lu Zhang, Zhoujie Ding, Hui Xu, Birgitta Heyman

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ag administered together with specific IgG3 induces a higher Ab response than Ag administered alone, an effect requiring the presence of complement receptors 1 and 2 (CR1/2). In this study, we have investigated the fate of Ag, the development of germinal centers (GCs), and the Ab response after i.v. administration of IgG3 anti-trinitrophenyl (TNP) in complex with OVA-TNP. After 2 h, OVA-TNP was detected on marginal zone (MZ) B cells, and a substantial amount of Ag was detected in splenic follicles and colocalized with follicular dendritic cells (FDCs). After 10 d, the percentage of GCs and the IgG responses were markedly higher than in mice immunized with uncomplexed OVA-TNP. The effects of IgG3 were dependent on CR1/2 known to be expressed on B cells and FDCs. Using bone marrow chimeric mice, we demonstrate that an optimal response to IgG3-Ag complexes requires that CR1/2 is expressed on both cell types. These data suggest that CR1/2+ MZ B cells transport IgG3-Ag-C complexes from the MZ to the follicles, where they are captured by FDCs and induce GCs and IgG production. This pathway for initiating the transport of Ags into splenic follicles complements previously known B-cell dependent pathways where Ag is transported by 1) MZ B cells, binding large Ags-IgM-C complexes via CR1/2; 2) recirculating B cells, binding Ag via BCR; or 3) recirculating B cells, binding IgE-Ag complexes via the low-affinity receptor for IgE, CD23.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1681-1689
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume193
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

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