Mangrove Systems and Environments

Tom Spencer, Iris Mӧller, Ruth Reef

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEncyclopaedia / Dictionary EntryOtherpeer-review


Geomorphological landforms and processes underpin the valuable ecological functions and ecosystem services performed by river-dominated, tide-dominated and interior mangrove forest systems. At the local scale, mangrove system morphodynamics are characterised by complex interactions between tidal channel flows and shallow-flooded vegetated surfaces, with wave energy dissipation across mangrove margins. Surface elevation change in mangroves reflects the balance between surface sedimentation processes and sub-surface processes and, exceptionally, responses to hurricane and tsunami impacts. Geomorphology has a role to play in assessments of mangrove status under anthropogenic pressures and in providing insights into trajectories for effective mangrove rehabilitation and restoration.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Number of pages34
ISBN (Print)9780124095489
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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