Management of the hospitalized patient with Parkinson's disease: Current state of the field and need for guidelines

Michael J. Aminoff, Chad W. Christine, Joseph H Friedman, Kelvin L. Chou, Kelly E. Lyons, Rajesh Pahwa, Bastian R. Bloem, Sotirios A. Parashos, Catherine C. Price, Irene A. Malaty, Robert Iansek, Ivan Bodis-Wollner, Oksana Suchowersky, Wolfgang H. Oertel, Jorge Zamudio, Joyce Oberdorf, Peter Schmidt, Michael S. Okun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To review the literature and to identify practice gaps in the management of the hospitalized Parkinson's disease (PD) patient. Background: Patients with PD are admitted to hospitals at higher rates, and frequently have longer hospital stays than the general population. Little is known about outpatient interventions that might reduce the need for hospitalization and also reduce hospital-related complications. Methods: A literature review was performed on PubMed about hospitalization and PD between 1970 and 2010. In addition, in press peer-reviewed papers or published abstracts known to the authors were included. Information was reviewed by a National Parkinson Foundation workgroup and a narrative review article was generated. Results: Motor disturbances in PD are believed to be a causal factor in the higher rates of admissions and complications. However, other conditions are commonly recorded as the primary reason for hospitalization including motor complications, reduced mobility, lack of compliance, inappropriate use of neuroleptics, falls, fractures, pneumonia, and other important medical problems. There are many relevant issues related to hospitalization in PD. Medications, dosages and specific dosage schedules are critical. Staff training regarding medications and medication management may help to avoid complications, particularly those related to reduced mobility, and aspiration pneumonia. Treatment of infections and a return to early mobility is also critical to management. Conclusions: Educational programs, recommendations, and guidelines are needed to better train interdisciplinary teams in the management of the PD patient. These initiatives have the potential for both cost savings and improved outcomes from a preventative and a hospital management standpoint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalParkinsonism & Related Disorders
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Complications
  • Confusion
  • Fall
  • Fracture
  • Medication
  • Perioperative
  • Surgery

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