Management of acute bleeding gastric malignancy

J. G. Fox, P. S. Hunt

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastric malignancy was the cause of bleeding in 35 of a consecutive series of 2260 cases (1.5%) treated with upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Fifteen patients came to emergency surgery (43%). In 13 of 30 early endoscopies performed the lesion was thought to be benign (43%) and seven of these cases came to emergency surgery. Two patients died after 15 emergency operations (13%) compared with 15 deaths after 109 emergency operations (14%) for benign gastric ulcer during the same period of study. A total of four patients with malignant ulceration died after surgery in 33 cases (12%), two after 15 emergency operations and two after 18 elective procedures. The only significant predictors of urgent surgery for malignant ulcer were shock on admission and active bleeding or visible vessel on endoscopy. Resection of gastric malignancy was performed in 29 patients during initial admission and in four cases at a subsequent admission giving a final resection rate of 91%. Of the 28 patients with adenocarcinoma, 19 had localized disease (Stage 1 or 11) (68%). Nine patients were treated by total gastrectomy, five at an initial elective procedure and four at a second procedurc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-465
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1993

Keywords

  • endoscopy
  • gastrectomy
  • gastric malignancy
  • upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage.

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