Male and female ecstasy users: differences in patterns of use, sleep quality and mental health outcomes

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Ecstasy users report a number of adverse effects following use including mood and sleep disturbances. The present study examined differences in characteristics of ecstasy use (amount, frequency of use, reported harm resulting from use) between males and females and assessed relationships between ecstasy use, sleep quality and mental health outcomes. Methods: An online survey of 268 ecstasy users (54.1 male, 45.9 female) was conducted. Validated sleep instruments assessing sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness, as well as questionnaires regarding physical and mental health (measured using the short-form health survey 12 (SF-12) and details of drug use were included.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223 - 230
Number of pages8
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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