The diagnosis of sperm DNA integrity is increasingly recognized as being crucial to inform the clinical course in infertile couples. An internationally accepted sperm DNA fragmentation assay that determines the proportion of sperm and degree of broken sperm nuclear DNA with recognised clinical thresholds for identifying men at risk of infertility is the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA ® ). In this study, SCSA ® test was utilised to evaluate the relevance of male age on sperm DNA quality in total of 6881 males of Indian origin. Analysis of proportions of DNA fragmentation index (%DFI) and high DNA stainability (%HDS) was performed based on four groups (<35, 35–40, 40–45, and >45 years of age). The impact of increasing male age on %DFI revealed that males >45 years of age had the highest %DFI and lowest %HDS compared to all other age groups (p<.001). This study is the largest population study and first of its kind in India that utilises SCSA ® to assess the relevance of %DFI and %HDS to increasing age with potentially important implications for the choice of clinical course based on age and sperm quality of infertile males in India.
- DNA fragmentation index