Maintenance of Th1 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific responses in individuals with acute HCV who achieve sustained virological clearance after treatment

Jacqueline K Flynn, Gregory J Dore, Margaret Hellard, Barbara Yeung, William Rawlinson, Peter A White, John M Kaldor, Andrew Lloyd, Rosemary Ann Ffrench

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: T-cell responses against hepatitis C are believed to be critical in achieving both natural and treatment-induced clearance. However, rapid clearance of antigen with early treatment of primary infection may result in reduced or poorly sustained cellular immunity. This study longitudinally examined Th1 and Th2 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific cytokine production and T-cell effector function from subjects enrolled in the Australian Trial in Acute Hepatitis C comparing three groups: treatment-induced clearance (sustained virological response [SVR]), treatment non-response, and untreated spontaneous clearance. Methods: HCV-specific T-cell responses were characterized by HCV peptide ELISpot, in vitro cytokine production, and T-cell flow cytometry assays. Results: Treated subjects with a sustained virological response (SVR) displayed a better maintenance of HCV-specific Th1 responses compared to treatment non-responders (higher interferon [IFN]-? and interleukin (IL)-2 magnitude at week 24, broader IFN-? responses at weeks 24 and 48, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1770 - 1781
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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