Magnetic tensor gradiometry using Ramsey interferometry of spinor condensates

A A Wood, L M Bennie, A Duong, M Jasperse, L D Turner, R P Anderson

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We have realized a magnetic tensor gradiometer by interferometrically measuring the relative phase between two spatially separated Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). We perform simultaneous Ramsey interferometry of the proximate Rb87 spin-1 condensates in free fall and infer their relative Larmor phase, and thus the differential magnetic-field strength, with a common-mode phase noise suppression exceeding 50dB. By appropriately biasing the magnetic field and separating the BECs along orthogonal directions, we measure in vacuo the magnetic-field-gradient tensor of ambient and applied magnetic fields with a nominal precision of 0.30nTmm-1 and a sensor volume of 2×10-5mm3. We predict a spin-projection noise-limited magnetic energy resolution of order ∼10 for typical Zeeman coherence times of trapped condensates with this scheme, even with the low measurement duty cycle of current BEC experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number053604
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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